The role of veterinary research in human health promotion in South Asia
Veterinary Research and Human Health
Keywords:South Asia, Public health, Veterinary science research, One health, Antibiotic resistance, Food security
Veterinary science research has a leading role in promoting human health, in a One Health approach. In this review the public health challenges in the South Asian region were analyzed and the role of the veterinary sector in addressing them were highlighted. Livestock and livestock products research is integral to achieving food security and beating malnutrition. The veterinary public health domain encompassing zoonoses research, food safety, environmental health, and antimicrobial resistance research, is worthy of attention as it integrates animal and human health. Biomedical research is an exciting field that utilizes veterinary expertise to understand human diseases. Food security and safety, antimicrobial resistance, environmental pollution and climate change, and insufficient funds were described as major challenges faced by South Asian countries. Impressive prospects of veterinary science research to address these challenges were highlighted. Increasing awareness, better allocation of funds and One Health approach were enumerated as some recommendations to overcome the challenges. From a One Health perspective, veterinary science research has a notable role in addressing major public health issues in South Asian countries. Increased surveillance and optimized research could promote better public health and support economic growth in the South Asian region.
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